Szczerba claimed that Wi-Fi devices might be causing cancer, especially in children." It was illustrated with a photo of a toddler playing with a tablet PC, possibly an iPad.
Well, that got some attention.
The problem is, it's all wrong. Even the premise is wrong: there was no "previous" evidence of danger from Wi-Fi devices, except from conspiracy theorists. Let's start where Szczerba started: he based his article on a newpaper published in the Journal of Microscopy and Ultrastructure, titled "Why children absorb more microwave radiation than adults: The consequences."
I read the article, painful though it was, to see what it actually claims. The first red flag is that it appeared in a very obscure journal that does not focus on radiation or environmental health. The second red flag is that two of the authors, Lloyd Morgan and Devra Davis, work for a private organization whose sole purpose seems to be to promote claims that cellphones and other wi-fi devices cause cancer. The remaining author, Santosh Kesari, seems to be a respectable neuroscientist at UC San Diego. I wrote to Kesari to ask for comment, but he did not respond.
Now to the article itself I have to say that this is perhaps the worst scientific paper I have read in years–and I read a lot. It purports to be a review of some sort on microwave radiation (MWR) exposure in children. It is nothing of the sort. It's not even written like a scientific paper.
Essentially, the article is a series of claims, most of them unrelated to one another, about the effects of MWR and other topics. The authors have cherry-picked several dozen studies that they believe support their hypothesis, which they cite without any explanatory details, while ignoring hundreds of studies that contradict their claims. For example, they write:
"In 2008 Joe Wiart, a senior researcher for French telecom and Orange reported that the brain tissue of children absorbed about two times more MWR than adults' brain tissue."That's it: just one sentence, with no explanation of what the study was about (nor of what "Orange" is here). It turns out to be a simulation study with little or no relevance to the health risks of MWR on actual people.
Other cherry-picked examples in this so-called review include a 1972 study of myelin degeneration in guinea pigs and a 1977 study in rats, neither of which tell us anything about the risks of wi-fi devices. This paper is a dreadful mess.
The paper also includes many stunning non sequiturs, such as this:
"The Australian study reported, "an overall significant increase in primary malignant brain tumors was observed over the study period from 2000 to 2008."This study does indeed exist, but it has nothing to do with wi-fi or microwaves! It's a study of changing cancer rates in Australia, and the authors don't even mention wi-fi, much less suggest that it causes cancer. In a real journal, peer reviewers would have insisted that the studies cited have some relevance to the main topic of the paper. Not here, apparently.
I don't have time to debunk all the nonsense in this truly awful paper - nor should you want to read about it. My guess is that the Journal of Microscopy and Ultrastructure will publish anything as long as the authors pay the publication fees. In its entire history, the journal has only published 6 issues.
So what is the evidence for Wi-Fi and cancer? Just a few months ago I wrote an article explaining that high-voltage power lines do not cause cancer. But how about Wi-Fi devices like cell phones and iPads? It only took me a few minutes to find a recent review of the literature, published just a year ago in the journal Health Physics. Note that this is a journal that's actually about human health, unlike the microscopy journal that Szczerba relied upon. That study concluded:
"The overwhelming consensus of health agencies around the world is that RF [radio frequency] exposures below international exposure limits have not been shown to produce any health hazard (Verschaeve 2012). That conclusion would not be changed by the Wi-Fi–related studies reviewed here, some of which indeed were already considered in these expert reviews."Or to put it in simpler terms: Wi-Fi is not more dangerous than previously thought, and your iPad is not going to give your kids cancer. That's what Robert Szczerba should have written, if he'd looked at the real science instead of one really bad paper.
But that wouldn't have gone viral, would it?